Aplastic anemia is a rare blood disorder wherein the bone marrow and the hematopoietic stem cells that reside there are damaged, and do not produce enough new blood cells. This damage leads to a decrease in the production of all blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside the bone where blood cells are made. Aplastic anemia can be acquired (developed over time) or inherited (passed down in families). Such a condition can happen at any age; however this is quite commonly seen to affect young adults & children more. This can leave the patient feeling tired and weak. The condition could tend to be quite a serious one, and in some of the most unfortunate cases, even life-threatening too.
Causes of Aplastic Anemia
The exact cause of aplastic anemia is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of many possible genetic and environmental factors. Some cases are inherited, while others occur spontaneously. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene, can also increase the risk of developing the condition. Some women also get this condition during pregnancy. Some more causes may include certain infections, chemicals, and autoimmune disorders, viral infection(s) in bone marrow, radiation therapies & chemotherapies etc. However, in most of the cases, the cause tends to remain unknown.
Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia
Symptoms of aplastic anemia can vary depending on the severity of the condition. If left untreated, aplastic anemia can be fatal. Some of the most commonly occurring symptoms can include the ones given underneath:
Rapid heart rate
Shortness of breath
Prolonged bleeding from any kind of cuts
Increased risk of infections that may be frequent and prolonged
Diagnosing Aplastic Anemia
Aplastic anemia is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests, a physical examination, imaging tests, and a bone marrow biopsy.
There isn’t any such prevention for most of the medical cases of Aplastic Anemia. However, one can avoid recurrent exposure to pesticides, organic solvents, herbicides, paint removers as well as other such toxic chemicals, which can help in reducing the risk of contracting this disease.
Treating Aplastic Anemia
Treatment for aplastic anemia can include blood transfusions, medications, immunosuppressive therapy, immunosuppressive drugs, and in some cases, even bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplantation.
Contact 1Health Medical Center for Aplastic Anemia
Aplastic anemia is a rare blood condition, in which the body doesn't produce enough new blood cells. If you or someone you know has aplastic anemia, contact 1Health Medical Center for treatment. 1Health Medical Center is the leading provider of aplastic anemia treatment and research. So, if you are suffering from Aplastic Anemia, then you should definitely contact 1Health Medical Center!