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What Is Gum Graft Surgery, Why Would One Need It, Types of Gum Tissue Grafts, & Recovering From It!

If you have ever had a cavity, you know that the dentist will sometimes need to put in a filling. But what if your tooth decay is more severe? In cases of advanced decay, your dentist may recommend gum graft surgery. It is a surgery that is highly useful in limiting a medical condition called gum recession wherein your gums get separated from your teeth leaving your teeth further exposed to damage. A gum tissue graft surgery is a procedure in which tissue is taken from another area of the mouth and grafted onto the gums. This surgery is usually done to improve the aesthetics of the smile and to reduce sensitivity in the teeth. Gum recession is a gradual process that begins with sensitivity to heat and cold, but eventually it will lead to tooth loss.

Types of Gum Tissue Grafts & How It Is Done!

  • Connective Tissue Grafts: Connective tissue grafts involve taking a small piece of subepithelial connective tissue from underneath the patient’s lip or from the palate or roof of the mouth. This tissue is then grafted onto the gums. It is the most common type of grafting technique to fix root exposure.

  • Pedicle Grafts: Pedicle grafts are done by taking a strip of tissue from the side of the tooth or near the tooth that needs to be treated by attaching it to the gums. The strip of tissue flap called the pedicle is generally partially cut and some of it will still remain attached.

  • Free Gingival Grafts: Such tissue grafts are taken directly from the roof of the mouth while not disturbing the subepithelial connective tissue layer and stitched to the exposed root of the tooth.

What To Expect After The Gum Graft Surgery While You Are Recovering?

Gum graft surgery is usually done under local anesthesia. The surgery itself is relatively short, and most patients report minimal discomfort afterwards. Recovery from gum graft surgery usually takes place over the course of a few weeks, but it is important to follow your doctor's instructions and take care of yourself during the healing process. Here are a few things to expect while you recover:

  • Some discomfort and swelling is normal and can be managed with pain medication.

  • You will likely be asked to remain on a soft food diet for a week or two.

  • Good oral hygiene is essential to help the graft heal properly.

  • You may also need to regularly rinse your mouth using a medicated mouth rinse.

  • Staying hydrated and getting plenty of rest will also help you heal faster.

If you have any questions or concerns about your recovery, be sure to talk to your dentist.

1Health – A Group of Highly Skilled & Experienced Dentists Performing Successful Gum Graft Surgery With Ease!

If you are considering a gum graft surgery, it is important to talk to a professional dentist such as those working with 1Health Medical Center about the risks and benefits of the procedure. Gum graft surgery is generally safe, but like any surgery, there are potential risks and complications which only an expert dentist will be able to help you decide if gum graft surgery is the right option for you.

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